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1. Oceans and climate
- Properties of water
- Ocean circulation
- Uptake of carbon dioxide
* Worksheet 1
* Worksheet 2
* Worksheet 3
2. Oceanic nutrients
3. Gases from phytoplankton

The Oceans


1. Oceans and Climate

Worksheet 3:
Circulation and climate diagrams




Cold or warm in the North Atlantic?

When you click on the green dot you will see the position, average yearly temperature (in °C) and average rainfall (in mm) for each location.


North Atlantic currents.  Image by design agency "Zur Gestaltung - Nürnberg".  Modified by Julia Heres.


Exercise: Fill in the missing words.

Although most of the weather stations are situated between 60 oN and 66.5 oN (the......................), the stations in Iceland, Scotland, and Norway have much ........................... than seen in ...................... .

They also have much ................... rainfall.

And these are the missing words:
more, higher temperatures, Canada, Arctic Circle



Now these questions should be easy:

1) The Labrador Current makes ...

a) the climate on the East coast of Canada cold.

b) the climate on the East coast of Canada warm.

c) the isothermal line deviate towards the west.

d) the East coast of Canada have an oceanic climate.


2) The Gulf Stream makes ...

a) the West coast of Norway have a continental climate.

b) the climate on the West coast of Norway cold.

c) the isothermal line deviate towards the south.

d) the climate on the West coast of Norway warm.

Quiz results:

Questions you got right:

Questions you got wrong:

Grade in %:

Attention: This quiz is optimised for Internet Explorer or new versions of Netscape!
If the little answer window disappears, just reopen it using the 'Show Solution' button!


Which climate diagram comes from which city?

The graphs below show how the climate changes over the year in two different cities.  The red line shows the average monthly temperatures (in oC) and the blue bars show the average monthly rainfall amounts (in mm).  Use the animated figure above to work out which city each graph is from. 

This is your choice of answers:

Aberdeen, Scotland  -  Bergen, Norway -  Iqualuit, Canada - Reykjavik, Iceland.


Exercise on reading diagrams: author Julia Heres.

More about climate stations:


Our satellite image of the Northern hemisphere is distorted. 

For those of you studying geography, see whether you can answer the following questions about map projections. 

Click on the GREEN button for YES, and on the RED button for NO!

Is this an azimuthal projection, typical for the presentation of polar regions?

Is this a conical projection, typical for the presentation of mid-latitudes?

Is this a cylindrical projection, typical for the presentation of regions around a meridan?

Are the meridans in an azimuthal projection arranged like circles?

Are the meridians in a conical projection shaped like rectangles?

Are the meridians in a cylindrical projection arranged like squares?

Do the polar regions in a cylindrical projection appear much larger than they actually are?

About this page:
author: Prof. Dr. Helmut Schrettenbrunner - University of Nürnberg, Germany
scientific reviewing: Dr. Lucinda Spokes - School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, U.K.
educational reviewing: Dr. Yvonne Schleicher  and Julia Heres - University of Nürnberg, Germany
last update: 2004-07-20




last updated 02.03.2006 21:55:56 | © ESPERE-ENC 2003 - 2013