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Climate in Cities
1. Air Pollution
2. Urban Climate
- Radiation
- Heat
- Water
- Bioclimate
* Worksheet 1
* Worksheet 2
* Worksheet 3
* Worksheet 4
3. Acid Rain
climate in cities

Urban Climate

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2. Urban climate - more
Heat Balance

Worksheet 2:
Test your knowledge


heat - clipart

1. Clipart by Hemera,
Big box of art


Heat Balance


When the sun shines in the summer, streets and asphalt heat up.  This heat remains in the ground for some time and is then lost to the air.

You can test this yourself in the evening after a sunny summers day. 

Walk barefoot on a pavement or concrete surface at sunset.  The surface is still warm even though the Sun has set. 
Now step on the grass.  The surface feels very much cooler.


heat on day - cooling down at night

2. Asphalt and concrete covered surfaces and the walls of buildings store heat from the Sun.  This heat is released slowly and so urban environments cool down slowly at night. Picture: Hemera "Big box of art".



Can you answer the following questions on heat balance?

1) What is the overheating of a city called?
a) A cold island.
b) A tropical island.
c) A heat island.
d) A sun island.

2) What is the best way to prevent cities overheating?
a) installing open air pools
b) artificial irrigation
c) creating green areas
d) installing air conditioning

3) Which type of weather favours the formation of extremely warm urban climates?
a) high pressure
b) low pressure
c) westerly winds
d) storms

4) What happens to the short wave radiation when it hits the surface of the Earth?
a) The radiation is partly absorbed and partially reflected.
b) The radiation is completely reflected into the atmosphere.
c) There is no short wave radiation on the surface of the Earth.
d) The radiation is completely absorbed by the surface of the Earth.

5) What is the name for the energy which is released when water changes its state (e.g. when it evaporates)?
a) the radiation balance
b) the tactile heat
c) the latent heat
d) the exchange of heat

6) Which material has the lowest capacity to store heat?
a) stone
b) asphalt
c) concrete
d) soil


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About this page:
author: - B. Wohlhöfer - University of Nürnberg, Germany
educational reviewing: Dr. Helmut Schrettenbrunner, Dr. Yvonne Schleicher and Julia Heres - University of Nürnberg, Germany
last update: 2003-09-09




last updated 02.03.2006 21:40:45 | © ESPERE-ENC 2003 - 2013