Climate is an essential component of the natural capital and an important element of sustainable development. Agriculture and water resources are intrinsically linked with climate.
If the buildup of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere continues without limit, it is bound, sooner or later, to warm the earth's surface affecting regional climates. Global warming is expected to also change the patterns of climate variability and increase the occurrence of extreme weather events.
There is now concern that these changes in climate in different regions due to global warming have the potential for affecting food production, crop pests and diseases, and production costs. The negative impacts are expected to fall disproportionately on the poor.
In this first level of the Food and Climate Unit, we will focus on explaining how this changes in climate might affect food production and the ways in which climate interacts with plants and food production systems in the world.